China: Controversial cybersecurity law passed, requires business to comply with further internet censorship rules

"China adopted a controversial cyber security law…set to take effect in June 2017…includes contentious requirements for security reviews and for data to be stored on servers in China…More than 40 global business groups petitioned Chinese Premier Li Keqiang in August, urging Beijing to amend what they said were controversial sections of the law…

Contentious provisions remained in the final draft issued by the parliament, including requirements for "critical information infrastructure operators" to store personal information and important business data in China, provide unspecified "technical support" to security agencies, and pass national security reviews…Human Rights Watch said elements of the law…would further restrict online freedom…"

"...Airbnb said it will provide some data on its users in China to local officials, following other high-tech names like Apple Inc. and LinkedIn that have surrendered individuals' personal information to satisfy Beijing's national security concerns..."

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Article
30 May 2017

China: Controversial cybersecurity law to become effective this week, requires business to comply with further internet censorship rules

Author: Brenda Goh, Reuters

"China’s tough cybersecurity law to come into force this week", 30 May 2017

China…will adopt from Thursday a controversial law that mandates strict data surveillance and storage for firms working in the country…The law, passed in November by the country's largely rubber-stamp parliament, bans online service providers from collecting and selling users' personal information, and gives users the right to have their information deleted, in cases of abuse. "Those who violate the provisions and infringe on personal information will face hefty fines," the news agency said on Monday, without elaborating.

Reuters reported this month that overseas business groups were pushing Chinese regulators to delay implementation of the law, saying the rules would severely hurt activities. Until now, China's data industry has had no overarching data protection framework, being governed instead by loosely defined laws.

However, overseas critics say the new law threatens to shut foreign technology companies out of sectors the country deems "critical", and includes contentious requirements for security reviews and data stored on servers in China.

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Article
7 November 2016

Airbnb, Apple & LinkedIn amongst foreign companies to host information in China in accordance with strict censorship laws

Author: Doug Young, Caixin (China)

"Airbnb to Share China Data with Local Officials", 2 Nov 2016

Online homestay specialist Airbnb said it will provide some data on its users in China to local officials, following other high-tech names like Apple Inc. and LinkedIn that have surrendered individuals' personal information to satisfy Beijing's national security concerns.

As it prepares to launch its China-based peer-to-peer service on Dec. 7, Airbnb also said it will store within the country the data it has on users of its China-based services, according to a series of statements on its blog and in an updated notice of changes to its privacy policy…

Beijing requires that all providers of China-based services store data on their users within the country, giving it jurisdiction to request such information when it deems necessary. Travelers in China already need to register with their identity cards or passports whenever they stay at hotels, making their movements traceable by authorities…

When LinkedIn first launched a China service two years ago, it issued a lengthy statement explaining a move that would require it to self-censor its site for sensitive information on the service in accordance with China's strict censorship laws. Around the same time, Apple also reportedly agreed to host information from its China-based users on servers inside China.

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Author: 孟宝勒(Paul Mozur), 纽约时报

…中国通过了[网络安全法]…将于明年夏天生效…进一步明确如何管理国内互联网…官员说,这些规则将有助于阻止网络攻击,也有助于防止恐怖主义行动,但批评者说,规则将进一步侵蚀互联网自由。商业团体则担心…将让外国公司的运营成本更高…个人用户则必须实名注册才可使用中国的通讯服务。

在通过邮件发布的声明中,中国美国商会主席吉莫曼(James Zimmerman)表示,限制数据跨境传输“并不提供安全效益,但会给那些需要国际间共享数据的行业中运营的中国企业、以及外国公司制造障碍”…

人权观察组织…表示,该法律的几个方面令其担忧,比如法律要求中国即时通讯服务用户进行实名登记…

外国公司有时已经需要应对新法律中规定的控制措施了。例如,在过去两年中,美国技术公司已经有过产品需要接受政府安全审查的情况,审查主要是针对加密和数据存储的。去年,北京还把一份承诺书发给美国公司,要求它们在承诺尊重中国的国家安全、把数据存放在中国…

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Author: 孟寶勒(Paul Mozur), 紐約時報

…中國通過了[網絡安全法]…將於明年夏天生效…進一步明確如何管理國內互聯網…官員說,這些規則將有助於阻止網絡攻擊,也有助於防止恐怖主義行動,但批評者說,規則將進一步侵蝕互聯網自由。商業團體則擔心…將讓外國公司的運營成本更高…個人用戶則必須實名註冊才可使用中國的通訊服務。

在通過郵件發布的聲明中,中國美國商會主席吉莫曼(James Zimmerman)表示,限制數據跨境傳輸“並不提供安全效益,但會給那些需要國際間共享數據的行業中運營的中國企業、以及外國公司製造障礙”…

人權觀察組織…表示,該法律的幾個方面令其擔憂,比如法律要求中國即時通訊服務用戶進行實名登記…

外國公司有時已經需要應對新法律中規定的控制措施了。例如,在過去兩年中,美國技術公司已經有過產品需要接受政府安全審查的情況,審查主要是針對加密和數據存儲的。去年,北京還把一份承諾書發給美國公司,要求它們在承諾尊重中國的國家安全、把數據存放在中國…

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Article
6 November 2016

China adopts cyber security law in face of overseas opposition

Author: Sue-Lin Wong & Michael Martina, Reuters

China adopted a controversial cyber security law… to counter what Beijing says are growing threats such as hacking and terrorism…set to take effect in June 2017…Overseas critics of the law say it threatens to shut foreign technology companies out of various sectors deemed "critical", and includes contentious requirements for security reviews and for data to be stored on servers in China…

More than 40 global business groups petitioned Chinese Premier Li Keqiang in August, urging Beijing to amend what they said were controversial sections of the law. Chinese officials have said it would not interfere with foreign business interests.

Contentious provisions remained in the final draft issued by the parliament, including requirements for "critical information infrastructure operators" to store personal information and important business data in China, provide unspecified "technical support" to security agencies, and pass national security reviews …

James Zimmerman, chairman of the American Chamber of Commerce in China, called the provisions "vague, ambiguous, and subject to broad interpretation by regulatory authorities." Human Rights Watch said elements of the law, such as criminalizing the use of the Internet to "damage national unity", would further restrict online freedom…

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Author: BBC

包括驻华美国商会在内的46家国际企业团体日前联名致函中国国务院总理李克强,再度对即将结束中国人大三读并付诸实施的网络安全法草案表示严重关切。这些跨国企业分别来自美洲、欧洲、亚洲和大洋洲等地区。联署函要求中国政府依据国际贸易法规修正新网络安全法,并认为新法很多条款实际上是“贸易壁垒”,严重削弱国际企业在中国市场竞争力同时,也无益于加强网络安全…

有参与抗议活动的企业代表指出,新网络安全法和保险业新规要求科技供应商向中国政府提供软件原理等科技和商业机密,并将迫使企业向中国政府提供中国公民在相关网页的网络活动记录。联署函说,新法对信息安全技术做出了严格的限制,将使数据盗窃变得更容易,并将违反国际贸易组织(WTO)规则。

中国政府的官方态度是,需要通过网络安全法来防止恐怖主义和反政府行为。不过,有中国企业界人士已经私下表示,新法最终的目的是为当前竞争力不足的中国高科技企业提供保护与支持…

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Author: BBC

包括駐華美國商會在內的46家國際企業團體日前聯名致函中國國務院總理李克強,再度對即將結束中國人大三讀並付諸實施的網絡安全法草案表示嚴重關切。這些跨國企業分別來自美洲、歐洲、亞洲和大洋洲等地區。聯署函要求中國政府依據國際貿易法規修正新網絡安全法,並認為新法很多條款實際上是“貿易壁壘”,嚴重削弱國際企業在中國市場競爭力同時,也無益於加強網絡安全…

有參與抗議活動的企業代表指出,新網絡安全法和保險業新規要求科技供應商向中國政府提供軟件原理等科技和商業機密,並將迫使企業向中國政府提供中國公民在相關網頁的網絡活動記錄。聯署函說,新法對信息安全技術做出了嚴格的限制,將使數據盜竊變得更容易,並將違反國際貿易組織(WTO)規則。

中國政府的官方態度是,需要通過網絡安全法來防止恐怖主義和反政府行為。不過,有中國企業界人士已經私下表示,新法最終的目的是為當前競爭力不足的中國高科技企業提供保護與支持…

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Article
11 August 2016

Business groups slam China's draft cybersecurity rules

Author: Reuters

In a letter addressed to Chinese Premier Li Keqiang, 46 global business groups spanning finance, information technology, insurance and manufacturing urged Beijing to revise its draft cyber rules, which they said would hamper trade. The signatories include industry associations from Asia, Australia, the United States, Mexico and Europe…They say the draft regulations, as well as cyber rules from China’s insurance regulator, include provisions for invasive government security reviews and onerous requirements to keep data in China…

China’s Foreign Ministry did not respond immediately to a request for comment on the letter on Thursday. Chinese officials have said the cyber security rules, along with internet restrictions including the blocking of popular foreign sites like Google and Facebook, were needed to ensure security against growing threats such as terrorism.

The first draft of the cybersecurity law, published more than a year ago, toughened user privacy protection from hackers and data resellers, but also boosted the government’s powers to access and block dissemination of private information records that Chinese law deems illegal. It is not clear when the law may be adopted, but it could undergo a final reading by the standing committee of the National People’s Congress, or parliament, later this year…

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Article
26 June 2016

China moves closer to adopting controversial cyber security law

Author: Katie Bo Williams, Hill

China on Monday moved closer to adopting a controversial cyber security law after its parliament held a second reading of the draft rules, which carry significant consequences for domestic and foreign business and threaten greater censorship…The draft…requires network operators to comply with social morals and accept the supervision of the government and public, official news agency Xinhua said. It also reiterated that Chinese citizens' personal data, as well as "important business data" must be stored domestically…

Cyber security has been a particularly irksome area in China's relations with economic partners such as the United States and the European Union, which see many recently proposed rules as unfair to foreign firms…The first draft of the cyber security law, published almost a year ago, stiffened user privacy protection from hackers and data resellers but also boosted the government's powers to access and block dissemination of private information records that Chinese law deems illegal.

China's broadly-defined regulations have been a source of concern, especially for foreign governments, multinational companies and rights activists, which worry that the government can interpret the law as it sees fit…[mentions Baidu, Facebook & Google]

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