Certain minerals (including tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold) have been linked with funding killings, violence, rape, and other human rights abuses in the Democratic Republic of Congo and other conflict zones. These minerals can enter multinational companies' supply chains, and are used in consumer products, including laptops, mobile phones and cars. In the past years, various voluntary and regulatory measures have been implemented to ensure responsible sourcing of minerals and stem financing of related human rights abuses.
In 2011, the OECD published guidance on due diligence for responsible supply chains of minerals from conflict zones, with a supplement on tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold. This guidance has been recognised as an international framework for due diligence and has been referred to in the subsequent US conflict minerals law. On 22 August 2012, the US Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) voted to adopt regulations to implement key provisions of the 2010 financial reform law known as "Dodd-Frank". The US Dodd-Frank Act's conflict minerals provision requires certain companies traded on US stock exchanges to disclose steps they are taking to avoid sourcing certain minerals from mines controlled by armed groups that use the mineral sales to fund violence.
- 📄 DanWatch report on conflict minerals in Dem. Rep. Congo & company responses
- 📄 US Conflict Minerals Trade Act (2009) - Text & reactions
- 📄 Lobbying "seeking to undermine" Dodd-Frank conflict minerals legislation
- 📄 US Dodd-Frank law - reactions to SEC vote on conflict minerals, Aug 2012
- 📄 Implementation of US Dodd-Frank Act rule on conflict minerals: Commentaries, guidance, company actions
- 📄 Proposed EU regulation on conflict minerals: commentaries & media coverage
- 📄 Conflict minerals disclosure reports (Jun 2014)
Related stories and components
USA: Securities & Exchange Commission to consider scaling down conflict minerals disclosure rule in Dodd-Frank Act
Author: Sarah N. Lynch & Emily Stephenson, Reuters (US)
"Exclusive: White House eying executive order targeting 'conflict minerals' rule - sources"...
- Related stories: US Govt. plans to review, possibly suspend requirements for companies to disclose use of minerals from conflict zones
- Related in-depth areas: Conflict minerals
The cobalt pipeline: Tracing the path from deadly hand-dug mines in Congo to consumers’ phones and laptops
Author: Todd C. Frankel, Michael Robinson Chavez & Jorge Ribas, Washington Post
The [Washington] Post traced this cobalt pipeline and, for the first time, showed how cobalt mined in these harsh conditions ends up in popular consumer products. It moves from small-scale Congolese mines to a single Chinese company — Congo DongFang...
Author: Todd C. Frankel, Washington Post
Follows article The cobalt pipeline Tracing the path from deadly hand-dug mines in Congo to consumers’ phones and laptops. Includes responses/non-responses to the Washington Post's investigation by Congo DongFang Mining/Hyuayou Cobalt and Apple...
US conflict minerals court case is of “Exceptional Importance” and should be reviewed - Enough Project
Author: Enough Project
he Enough Project urges the Washington, DC District Court of Appeals to review the case, National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) et al. v. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), to ensure that a damaging recent decision on the issues of...
Author: Cooley LLP
Author: Marino Donati, Supply Management (UK)
Despite Dodd-Frank Act, much remains to be done on conflict minerals reporting, says supply chain expert
Author: Hailey Lynne McKeefry, EBN (USA)
"Conflict Minerals: Still Early Days Despite Deadlines", 12 Jun 2015...