European Parliament adopts resolution condemning violence against Guarani-Kaiowá in Brazil & claims that companies should be held accountable for environmental damage and human rights abuses

Guarani_credit_CIMI_http://www.cimi.org.br/pub/MS/Apykai/img_guarani_02.jpg

On 24 November, the European Parliament adopted a resolution condemning violence against Guarani-Kaiowá in Brazil, highlighting that companies should be held accountable for environmental damage and human rights abuses and that “...the EU and the Member States should uphold this as a core principle by making it a binding provision in all trade policies...”. In addition, it urges Brazilian authorities to urgently ‘ “prioritise completion of the demarcation of all territories claimed by the Guarani-Kaiowá’ in order to prevent any more territorial disputes and killings'.”. Besides the reference to several UN Documents and resolutions on indigenous peoples, the current resolution also refers to the 2016 report by the Brazilian organization that works to promote the protection of indigenous rights, Conselho Indigenista Missionário (Indigenous Missionary Council, CIMI).

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Article
28 November 2016

European Parliament adopts resolution condemning violence against Guarani-Kaiowá in Brazil & claims that companies should be held accountable for environmental damage and human rights abuses

Author: European Parliament

“Human rights: Guarani-Kaiowá people in Brazil, Mr Minhai Gui in China and Mr Ildar Dadin in Russia-PLENARY SESSION Press release - Development and cooperation / External relations”, 24 November 2016

...MEPs condemn recent violence perpetrated against the Guarani-Kaiowá people during land disputes in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul and urge the Brazilian government to conduct rapid investigations into the recent swathe of murders and assaults there. They further deplore the poverty and human rights situation of the Guarani-Kaiowá...MEPs understand that the Guarani-Kaiowá are in need of special protection in light of threats to their ancestral territory, and urge Brazilian authorities to “prioritise completion of the demarcation of all territories claimed by the Guarani-Kaiowá” in order to prevent any more territorial disputes and killings. MEPs also note that the Guarani-Kaiowá face inadequate provision of healthcare, education and social services, with high numbers of suicides among young people and very high rates of chronic malnutrition among children...MEPs remind the Brazilian government of its international human rights obligations and stress that the rights of indigenous peoples must be protected, respected and upheld as per the country’s Constitution..

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Article
28 November 2016

European Parliament resolution of 24 November 2016 on the situation of the Guarani-Kaiowá in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul

Author: European Parliament

“European Parliament resolution of 24 November 2016 on the situation of the Guarani-Kaiowá in the Brazilian state of Mato Grosso do Sul”, 24 November 2016

…The European Parliament,…having regard to its previous resolutions on the need to protect the rights of the indigenous peoples of Brazil…,…having regard to…[several UN and European human rights international documents]…,…having regard to the 2016 report by the Indigenous Missionary Council (CIMI)…,…C….over the past 14 years,…at least 400 indigenous people and 14 indigenous leaders have been murdered, including Simiao Vilharva and Clodiodi de Souza, in their attempts to reclaim their ancestral lands in peaceful protests;…, F….where indigenous populations help to preserve biodiversity in the…[Amazon]…region and…play a role in preventing climate change…; H. …a number of initiatives for reform, interpretation and application of the Brazilian Federal Constitution are ongoing,…these possible changes could put at risk the indigenous rights…; 1.  Acknowledges the long-standing partnership between the EU and Brazil…8.  Calls on the Brazilian authorities to develop a working plan to prioritise completion of the demarcation of all territories claimed by the Guarani-Kaiowá…;…10.  Expresses concern about the proposed constitutional amendment 215/2000 (PEC 215), to which Brazilian indigenous peoples are fiercely opposed, given that, if approved, it will threaten indigenous land rights by making it possible for anti-Indian interests related to the agro-business, timber, mining and energy industries to block the new indigenous territories from being recognised; strongly believes that companies should be held accountable for any environmental damage and human rights abuses for which they are responsible, and that the EU and the Member States should uphold this as a core principle by making it a binding provision in all trade policies;…

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