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Corruption

Introduction:

 
(materiales en español: ver abajo / ressources en français : voir ci-dessous)

This section seeks to help clarify the connections between business, corruption and human rights. We do not track reports of individual companies' involvement in corruption, but we offer the following links as a guide to selected resources dealing with these issues:

Corruption & human rights

  1. [PDF] Corruption and Human Rights: Making the Connection - Intl. Council on Human Rights Policy (ICHRP), 2009
  2. A crucial link between corruption and violation of human rights - Harun ur Rashid, former Bangladesh Ambassador to the UN, Geneva, in Daily Star [Bangladesh], 18 Feb 2004
  3. Corruption – A Violation of Human Rights? - Nihal Jayawickrama, former Sri Lanka Secretary of Justice, working paper for Transparency Intl., Jun 1998
  4. Corruption and Human Rights: A Crucial Link - Laurence Cockroft, economist & member of Transparency Intl. (UK) Board, working paper for Transparency Intl., Oct 1998
  5. Corruption - Equipo Nizkor-Human Rights


Corruption, poverty & development: 

  1. Oxfam GB: Statement on corruption
  2. UNDP: [PDF] The impact of corruption on the human rights based approach to development
  3. IMF: [PDF] Does Corruption Affect Income Inequality and Poverty? - Sanjeev Gupta, Hamid Davoodi, Rosa Alonso-Terme, IMF Working Paper 98/76, May 1998
  4. [PDF] Corruption is unsustainable - Peter Eigen, Transparency Intl., 28 Aug 2002
  5. [PDF] Corruption and Poverty: A Review of Recent Literature - Eric Chetwynd, Frances Chetwynd, Bertram Spector, Management Systems Intl. - Jan 2003 
  6. Workshop on role of institutional investors in tackling bribery & corruption in companies operating in developing countries - Oxfam, Calvert Investments, Transparency International and the US Social Investment Forum, Mar 2010


Private sector & corruption - other resources:

  1. Transparency Intl.: Global priorities: Private sector
  2. UN Global Compact
         • Transparency and Anti-corruption
         • Business against Corruption - Case stories and examples
  3. World Economic Forum: Partnering Against Corruption Initiative (PACI)
  4. International Chamber of Commerce: Fighting Corruption: A Practice Guide for Corporate Managers
  5. EthicsWorld: Business & Corruption


Disclosure & use of govt. revenues from the private sector:

  1. Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative
  2. Publish What You Pay coalition
  3. Revenue Watch
  4. IMF Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency &
    Comments by Arvind Ganesan, Human Rights Watch, 16 Feb 2005
  5. Time for transparency - Global Witness, Mar 2004
  6. Disclosure/use of payments to govts. - Business & Human Rights Resource Centre


Key laws & international principles addressing corruption include:

  1. UN Global Compact: Principle 10
  2. OECD: Convention on Combating Bribery of Foreign Public Officials in International Business Transactions
  3. Transparency Intl.: Business Principles for Countering Bribery
  4. FTSE4Good: [PDF] Countering Bribery Criteria
  5. UN: [PDF] United Nations Convention Against Corruption
  6. Intl. Chamber of Commerce (ICC): Rules on Extortion and Bribery in International Business Transactions
  7. UK: Bribery Act 2010
  8. USA: Foreign Corrupt Practices Act


Selected resources by companies:

  1. Multinational Corporations, Governance Deficits, and Corruption: Discussing a Complex Issue from the Perspective of Business Ethics - Prof. Klaus M. Leisinger, Novartis Foundation for Sustainable Development, lecture at Conference of European Business Ethics Network, Frankfurt, 18-20 Sep 1996
  2. Pfizer CEO Hank McKinnell to Address United Nations Global Compact Leaders Summit on Countering Corruption - Pfizer, 24 Jun 2004 

Materiales en español:

Corrupción y derechos humanos:

  1. [PDF] La Corrupción y los Derechos Humanos: Estableciendo el Vínculo - Consejo Internacional de Políticas de Derechos Humanos (ICHRP), 2009.
  2. Corrupción y derechos humanos - Jaime López, experto sobre corrupción, julio 2005
  3. La corrupción del discurso político y su afectación a la protección de los derechos humanos - Elio Rodolfo Parisi, Universidad Nacional de San Luis [Argentina], mayo-junio 2001
  4. Corrupción - Equipo Nizkor-Derechos Humanos

Corrupción y empresas - otros recursos:

Pacto Mundial:
     • Compromiso en el Día contra la Corrupción - 9 diciembre 2005
     • Responsabilidad social de las empresas y lucha contra la corrupción - Jesús Llaría, Programa de RSC de la Fundación Ecología y Desarrollo [España]

Transparencia en la gestión pública de ingresos derivados del sector privado:

  1. Coalición Hagan Público lo que Pagan
  2. [DOC] Tiempo para la transparencia - Global Witness, marzo 2004

Principales documentos internacionales sobre corrupción incluyen:

  1. Organización de los Estados Americanos: Convención Interamericana contra la Corrupción
  2. ONU: [PDF] Convención de las Naciones Unidas Contra la Corrupción
  3. OCDE: [PDF] Convenio de Lucha Contra la Corrupción de Agentes Públicos Extranjeros en las Transacciones Comerciales Internacionales
  4. Cámara de Comercio Internacional (ICC): Reglas sobre La Extorsión y el cohecho en las transacciones commerciales internacionales

Otros recursos:

Publicaciones de los Capítulos Nacionales de la Red TILAC (Transparency International Latinoamérica y el Caribe) 


Ressources en français :

Corruption & droits de l’homme :

[DOC] Comment la corruption affecte-t-elle les droits de l’homme ? Une approche internationale et l’observation du cas libanais ; Attention particulière aux effets de la corruption sur la jeunesse libanaise - Evelyne Schmid, avec la Lebanese Transparency Association, janvier 2005

Corruption, pauvreté & développement :

Programme des Nations unies pour le développement (PNUD) : [PDF] Renforcer la gouvernance démocratique pour réduire la pauvreté

Transparence dans la gestion publique des revenus provenant du secteur privé :

  1. Coalition Publiez ce que vous payez
  2. [DOC] C’est l’heure de la transparence - Global Witness, mars 2004

 
Sélection de principes internationaux clés qui s’addressent à la corruption :

  1. OCDE : Convention sur la lutte contre la corruption d'agents publics étrangers dans les transactions commerciales internationales
  2. Chambre de Commerce Internationale (ICC) : Règles sur L'Extorsion et la corruption dans les transactions commerciales internationales
  3. ONU : [PDF] Convention des Nations Unies Contre la Corruption

 
Autres ressources :

Rapport mondial sur la corruption - rapport annuel de Transparency International: 2008 [PDF], 2007; publié auparavant par Karthala (2003, 2004), puis Economica (2005, 2006)

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