Managing Congo's Natural Resource Wealth: NYC, 31 Oct 2014

Democratic Republic of Congo has vast natural resource wealth.  Yet historically and still today, the extraction of these resources too often fuels conflict, widespread dispossession of people from their land, forced and child labour, and pollution that harms people’s health.

On 31 October 2014 in New York, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre held the 5th annual event in the Mary Robinson Speaker Series on Business & Human Rights: “Managing Congo’s resource wealth – from plunder to shared prosperity? 

Following a powerful keynote speech by Emmanuel Umpula Nkumba of AFREWATCH in Democratic Republic of Congo, there was a lively debate between panelists from civil society, business and government.

Mary Robinson introduced Emmanuel Nkumba.  In addition to Mary and Emmanuel, the panelists were: Holly Dranginis, Enough Project; Michael Loch, Motorola Solutions; Patrick Alley, Global Witness; Elizabeth Keefe, US State Department; Aliou Diouf, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre.

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26 November 2014

From plunder to prosperity: How legal accountability can help manage natural resource wealth in Africa

Author: Aliou Diouf, Francophone Africa Researcher, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre

At its fifth annual Mary Robinson Speaker Series Event on 31 October in New York, Business & Human Rights Resource Centre gathered a panel to address the issue of “Managing Congo’s natural resource wealth – from plunder to shared prosperity?”...The keynote speaker was Emmanuel Umpula Nkumba, Executive Director of African Resources Watch (AFREWATCH), a DRC-based NGO working for respect for human rights by mining companies.  He presented on remedies for victims of abuses involving the extractive industries.  He stressed that natural resource exploitation in DRC has displaced communities without adequate compensation, destroyed ecosystems and polluted people’s lands, air and water.  In some cases, mining companies have been complicit in killings, torture, rape and other serious abuses against local populations by security forces and armed groups...[The] avenues for legal remedy in DRC are full of obstacles.  The path is no easier in foreign jurisdictions.  Emmanuel described two cases among those that he followed in his work: The massacres at Kilwa in 2004 [allegedly with the complicity of Anvil Mining (now part of China Minmetals)], and the destruction of the village of Kawama in 2009 [allegedly with the support of Compagnie Miniere du Sud Katanga, which was then a joint venture of George Forrest International and Gecamines].
[also refers to Soco International, SOGUIPAH, Herakles Farms (part of Herakles Capital), Tenke Fungurume Mining (joint venture Freeport-McMoRan, Lundin Mining, Gecamines), Delta Protection, Motorola Solutions]

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Author: Aliou Diouf, Chercheur et représentant pour l'Afrique francophone, Centre de Ressources sur les Entreprises et les Droits de l'Homme

A sa cinquième conférence annuelle en l’honneur de Mary Robinson organisée le 31 octobre à New York, le Centre de Ressources sur les Entreprises et les Droits de l’Homme s’est penché sur la thématique « Gestion des ressources naturelles de la République démocratique du Congo – du pillage à la prospérité inclusive ». Emmanuel Umpula Nkumba, le directeur exécutif de African Resources Watch (AFREWATCH), une ONG de la RDC qui œuvre pour le respect des droits de l’homme par les entreprises minières, était le principal conférencier. Sa présentation portait sur les voies de recours offertes aux victimes d'abus des industries extractives. Emmanuel a souligné que l’exploitation des ressources naturelles en RDC est à l’origine de nombreux problèmes sociaux et environnementaux, parmi lesquels des délocalisations forcées et sans indemnisation adéquate, des accaparements de terres, la destruction de la faune et de la flore et la pollution de l’air et des sols. Dans certains cas, l’activité minière s’accompagne également de sérieuses exactions commises sur les populations locales par les forces de l’ordre avec la complicité des entreprises. AFREWATCH a comme mission d’accompagner les victimes de telles exactions en justice, mais les voies de recours dans le droit congolais sont semées d’embûches. Et la tâche n’est pas moins hardie devant les tribunaux étrangers. Emmanuel est revenu sur deux affaires parmi celles qu’il a suivies dans son travail : les massacres de Kilwa en 2004 [qui impliquait Anvil Mining (maintenant une filiale de China Minmetals)] et la destruction du village de Kawama en 2009 [supposément soutenue par CMSK (à l'époque une joint venture de George Forrest International et Gécamines)].
[faut aussi référence à Soco International, SOGUIPAH, Herakles Farms (part of Herakles Capital), Tenke Fungurume Mining (joint venture Freeport-McMoRan, Lundin Mining, Gecamines), Delta Protection, Motorola Solutions] 

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