Mozambique: Livaningo, National Peasants Union, Justiça Ambiental & World Rainforest Movement accuse Green Resources Mozambique of land grabbing; it includes comments from the company

Mozambique Land grabbing_credit_Justica Ambiental WRM_http://wrm.org.uy/wp-content/uploads/2016/09/Mozambique_21_9_16.jpg_

Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invited Green Resources Mozambique to respond to allegations of involvement in human rights abuses related to land conflicts in Mozambique. Livaningo, UNAC (National Peasants Union) and Justiça Ambiental/Friends of the Earth Mozambique wrote a report on the impacts of pine and eucalyptus plantations on communities in three provinces in Mozambique. The report accuses the Norwegian company Green Resources of land grabbing, as well as abusing the right to food and impacting the livelihood of communities. The company responded.

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13 June 2017

Mozambique: Livaningo, National Union of Peasants and Justiça Ambiental launch documentary & report on land conflicts with Green Resources Mozambique

Author: Livaningo, UNAC (National Peasants Union) and Justiça Ambiental/Friends of the Earth Mozambique (Mozambique)

"Land conflicts with Green Resources Mozambique", 4 May 2017

The Environmental Justice Livaningo and the National Union of Peasants have launched in September of last year a study "The Advancement of forest plantations on the territories of the peasants in the Nacala Corridor: the case of Green Resources Mozambique", with the support of Afrikagrupperna. In the context of a joint initiative of the three organizations have produced an equally brief documentary, which illustrates the situation of communities affected by land conflicts with Green Resources Mozambique.

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Article
13 June 2017

Mozambique: Petition to government & tree plantations companies urging them to give the land back to communities

Author: World Rainforest Movement

"Stop plantations expansion in Mozambique!", 22 September 2016

...Justiça Ambiental and WRM together have launched this Action Alert urging the main companies promoting tree plantations in Mozambique, especially the Norwegian Green Resources and the Portuguese Portucel/The Navigator Company, to stop the expansion over people's territories...
Eastern and Southern African countries are increasingly seen by Northern companies and finance capital investors as attractive to earning easy profits by putting vast areas of lands under tree monocultures,...attracted by cheap land and labour, by environmental rules often less rigid and wood productivity per hectare significantly higher...[F]avorable growing conditions are a result of availability of and access to fertile lands and water...[and]...beneficial climate...[F]ertile lands of interest to plantation companies...tend to be part of territories from which communities secure and reproduce their living and livelihoods and supply local markets with food products they grow. The direct result of converting these lands into monoculture tree plantations is most often grave land conflicts where communities resist the invasion of their territories...[T]ree plantations has led to the...displacement of entire communities...[I]impacts on their water supply...even more of a concern in the context of climate change and...long dry period...[J]obs that do materialize are often temporary and poorly paid, and do not compensate for the simultaneous loss of agricultural lands and food sovereignty...[I]mpacts...are even more severe for women...responsible for food production and water collection in many communities. The many negative impacts that plantation companies cause do not hinder these companies from obtaining certification for their plantations. The...Forest Stewardship Council...is one of the certification schemes widely used...

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Company response
12 June 2017

Mozambique: Portucel Moçambique Response

Author: Portucel Moçambique Response

...To the Business and Human Rights Resource Center

...Portucel Moçambique considers essential the constant dialogue, the agreement and the harmony between the company and the communities living inside the land which Rights of Use (DUAT) where granted to the project...[And]...counted with the technical support of the Advisory Services from the International Finance Corporation...[It]...became aware of the documentary...[″Um Hectare, Uma Chapa de Zinco" by ADECRU]...in 2016 through social media...In February 2017 ADECRU contacted Portucel Moçambique requesting an interview, to which the company indicated that was available to respond in writing through a questionnaire. ADECRU agreed in sending the questionnaire...Portucel Moçambique didn´t receive the questionnaire...Through the Grievance Mechanism, the company initiated a process to:...collect information in the communities and with the documentary testimonies;...register the grievances; and...provide the proper treatment to such cases...[P]reliminary results:...One of the testimonies did not cede land, neither worked for the company...;...Community leaders indicated...they were supportive to the project but...not included in the documentary;...testimonies indicated...they were instructed by ADECRU on what to say;...Portucel Moçambique plantations are eucalyptus...[It]...was invited for the launch of the Justiça Ambiental..."Portucel - O Processo de acesso à Terra e os direitos das comunidades locais"...study...and...showed appreciation for the work...and assumed the commitment to analyse the information...[Through]...the Grievance Mechanism assessed...[that it]...did not destroy agriculture products and did not work in the land without the families' prior consent...From the 67 families that the company was able to identify that claimed loss of products in their farms, only 48 ceded land;...19 never ceded land...[It will]...[r]evise...communication materials and land access...;...Promote flexibility in the grievance...process;...Conduct community meetings...

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Company response
12 June 2017

Mozambique: Green Resources Response

Author: Green Resources (Mozambique)

[Green Resources responded to the Business & Human Rights Resource Centre invitation saying that we could use the same response they had sent to an Open Letter sent by Jutica Ambiental and WRM on 4 October 2016]

Green Resources (GR) Responds to Open Letter Calling for 'an end to the expansion of forest plantation activities', 4 October 2016

On...30th September 2016 Green Resources received a letter at its Maputo Offices (...written to GRAS, Portucel and cc'd the Ministry of Environment, and the Ministry of Agriculture of Mozambique), from a group of NGOs led by Jutica Ambiental and WRM. The letter promoted a campaign against the development of forest plantations in Mozambique. Green Resources then wrote a response to this letter which can be found here, and a transcript is provided below...The letter highlights GR as one of the most active companies having acquired land use rights in three provinces, Nampula, Niassa and Zambézia of Mozambique...GR...commits to adhering to the laws in the countries that it operates,...including the land acquisition process...[It]...seeks third party certification and audits to review its activities...Our stakeholders are given free and prior information about the intentions of the company through various engagement channels as identified by the different stakeholders based on locally acceptable norms. This facilitates consent and informed decision making taking into account the interests of the different stakeholders...The letter alleges that companies are interested in the fertile lands...which tend to be part of territories from which communities secure and reproduce their living and livelihoods...[T]hrough...studies, including Environmental and Social Impact Assessments (ESIA), GR ensures...it operates in a manner which minimises the negative impacts...and...is committed to helping contribute to food security in the areas that it operates...[I]t is untrue to imply that GRs activities are causing the local communities surrounding our Mozambique plantations to be unable to grow food...GR...[has]...in place an effective grievance management mechanism...Whilst acknowledging that the company has made mistakes in the past, GR continually tries to improve...

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Article
12 June 2017

Mozambique: Livaningo, National Peasants Union & Justiça Ambiental launch report accusing Green Resources Mozambique of land grabbing

Author: World Rainforest Movement (Uruguay)

"The advance of forest plantations on the farmers territories in the Nacala corridor: the case of Green Resources Mozambique/Bulletin Issue 230 – April / May 2017", 15 May 15, 2017

Based on evidence from a field investigation, this publication provides a detailed overview of the impacts of pine and eucalyptus plantations on communities in three provinces in Mozambique. The report focuses on one of the main companies active in Mozambique and in Southern and Eastern Africa: the Norwegian company Green Resources. Over the past years, this company has grabbed about 265,000 hectares of lands in Mozambique only, dispossessing communities from lands they depend on for their livelihoods. The report, available in English and Portuguese, was launched in 2016 by the Mozambican organisations Livaningo, UNAC (National Peasants Union) and Justiça Ambiental/Friends of the Earth Mozambique, and written by Lexterra.

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Article
12 June 2017

Mozambique: Press release about petition delivered to government & tree plantations companies urging them to give the land back to communities

Author: World Rainforest Movement and Justiça Ambiental

"Press release: A petition delivered to the Mozambique government and tree plantations companies urging them to give the land back to communities", 11 Oct 2016

On September 30, a petition was delivered with 12,323 signatures from several national and international organisations,...individuals, in solidarity with and support to the communities in Mozambique that struggle against the expansion of tree monoculture plantations. The petition has been submitted to...Green Resources in Norway and Portucel/The Navigator Company in Portugal,...to governmental institutions in Mozambique including the Ministry of Land, Environment and Rural Development and the Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security...[O]n September 21st in Maputo... two...reports...[were launched on]...conflicts and violations related to the territories of local community and involving companies active in promoting tree monocultures,...Lurio Green Resources from Norway and Portucel Moçambique/The Navigator Company from Portugal. The first...is called "the Advance of Tree Plantations over the Territories of Peasants in the Corridor of Nacala: the case of Green Resources Mozambique"...The second... is..."Portucel – the Process of the access to Land and the rights of communities"..."The white people came to our leader [régulo]. First they let the people know about the arrival of the white people. The population joined together and they came to demand the land of the farmers. But we were scared because we thought they would take our land away, but the white people said: 'we came to bring peace to you. We will solve your situation. We will identify an area where you can continue cultivating, all of you. If something is lacking, you make a demand, and we will attend you.' We got satisfied, but after all they lied". Member of the Nicara community, Mecubir, during the Launch of the aforementioned reports...

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Article
12 June 2017

Mozambique: “The advance of Forest Plantations on the Farmers Territories in the Nacala corridor: the case of Green Resources Mozambique” launched by NGOs

Author: World Rainforest Movement (Uruguay)

"The advance of Forest Plantations on the Farmers Territories in the Nacala corridor: the case of Green Resources Mozambique", 18 April 2017

The report "The advance of Forest Plantations on the Farmers Territories in the Nacala corridor: the case of Green Resources Mozambique" was launched in 2016 by the Mozambican organisations Livaningo, UNAC (National Peasants Union) and Justiça Ambiental/Friends of the Earth Mozambique, and written by Lexterra...Availabe in English and Portuguese.

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