Sourcing from conflict zones

Issues > Children in conflict zones > Sourcing from conflict zones

Key reports

Human Rights and Cell Phones: Something Every Consumer Should Know
miravu, 6 Dec 2009

Plight of African child slaves forced into mines – for our mobile phones
Charles Lavery, Sunday Mail (UK), 6 Jul 2008

Case examples

Conflict and economic downturn cause global increase in reported child labour violations - 40% of countries now rated 'extreme risk' by Maplecroft
Maplecroft, 5 Jan 2012

The Congo Connection between Slavery and Conflict Minerals
Tracy Fehr, Enough, Free the Slaves, 7 Jul 2011

[video] Ruby trade hides Myanmar slavery
Al Jazeera, 10 Mar 2011
Video shows “virtual slavery” child labour in Burma’s ruby industry.

Zimbabwe restarts diamond sales amid 'blood diamond' accusations
Arthur Bright, Christian Science Monitor, 12 Aug 2010
Allegations that villagers, including children, are forced to mine diamonds at gunpoint.

Statement of policy on diamonds from Zimbabwe’s Marange region, linked to human rights abuses
Cartier, Mar 2010

Not Only in Tunnels, Not Only in Gaza
Hedva Isachar, Hagada Hasmalit (Israel), 25 Jul 2009
Report says children are working in tunnels in Gaza, agriculture in Jordan Valley.

Working: Fidele Musaviri - Miner [Dem. Rep. of Congo]
Marketplace, American Public Media, 1 Dec 2008
Children as young as 11 work in the mines.

UK company Afrimex broke international guidelines, says British government
Global Witness, 28 Aug 2008
UK National Contact Point for the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises affirms that Afrimex helped finance rebels in Dem. Rep. of Congo, use of child and forced labour.

Burma’s Gem Trade and Human Rights Abuses
Human Rights Watch, Jan 2008
Burma’s gem industry is dominated by the Burmese military, human rights abuses including child and forced labour are widespread.

Child Labor in Afghanistan
Alexandra Reihing in Policy Innovations, 20 Jun 2007
UNICEF estimates 30% of primary school children in Afghanistan work, many provide the sole source of income for families.

[video] Congo’s Bloody Coltan
Mvemba Phezo Dizolele, Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting, 27 Oct 2006

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Related stories and components

Article
5 January 2012

Conflict and economic downturn cause global increase in reported child labour violations – 40% of countries now rated ‘extreme risk’ by Maplecroft

Author: Maplecroft

An annual study by risk analysis firm Maplecroft has revealed that 76 countries now pose ‘extreme’ child labour complicity risks for companies operating worldwide, due to worsening global security and the economic downturn. This constitutes an...

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Article
7 July 2011

The Congo Connection between Slavery and Conflict Minerals [article & video]

Author: Tracy Fehr, Enough, Free the Slaves [USA]

In eastern Congo today, the mines have become a source of not only conflict minerals, but also a source of human slavery. The mines of eastern Congo are run by multiple armed groups, many of whom have strategically attacked and raped civilians in...

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Article
10 March 2011

[video] Ruby trade hides Myanmar slavery

Author: Al Jazeera

Myanmar on Thursday opens one of its biggest ever sales of precious gems - an opportunity for the government to flaunt its massive ruby industry. However, what it wont show is the virtual slavery involved in the industry, with children as young as...

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Article
12 August 2010

Zimbabwe restarts diamond sales amid 'blood diamond' accusations

Author: Arthur Bright, Christian Science Monitor

Zimbabwe reentered the legal diamond market this week with Tuesday's $72 million sale of 900,000 carats of the gems. The sale was supervised by an international 'blood diamond' watchdog group amid ongoing allegations that the Zimbabwean military is...

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Article
23 March 2010

Statement of policy on diamonds from Zimbabwe’s Marange region, linked to human rights abuses

Author: Cartier

Respecting human rights in our operations and throughout our entire supply chain is at the core of Cartier’s [part of Richemont] Corporate Responsibility Policy...we have always made clear our unequivocal commitment to the eradication of conflict...

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Article
6 December 2009

Human Rights and Cell Phones: Something Every Consumer Should Know

Author: miravu

Ever wonder what goes into making a cheap, throw-away cell phone? Nearly 30 percent of the minerals used to make electronics are dubbed “conflict minerals,” mined by children in a war-torn region of the Democratic Republic of the Congo...Documented...

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Article
25 July 2009

Not Only in Tunnels, Not Only in Gaza

Author: Hedva Isachar, Hagada Hasmalit [Israel]

…Approximately half of the 16,000 Palestinians who work in tunnels in Gaza, [a recent] report contends, are youth and children. They work at difficult and dangerous physical labor for about NIS 10 each hour… Israeli labor laws are not enforced…...

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Article
1 December 2008

Working: Fidele Musaviri - Miner [Dem. Rep. of Congo]

Author: Marketplace, American Public Media

Just traversing the mine was treacherous. To get from tunnel to tunnel you have to walk on narrow paths, slick with mud, above steep open pits...accidents are common... Kids as young as 11 work in the mines... Fidele has been mining for six years and...

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Article
28 August 2008

UK company Afrimex broke international guidelines, says British government

Author: Global Witness

UK company Afrimex breached the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises by purchasing minerals from a war-torn region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), the British government has found. In a final statement published today, the British...

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Article
8 July 2008

Plight of African child slaves forced into mines - for our mobile phones

Author: Charles Lavery, Sunday Mail [UK]

The child miners of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) risk death to dig for a highly dangerous ore used in mobiles, laptops and games consoles...Coltan smuggling is big business throughout Africa and is a major source of income for warring...

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