Conflict & peace
For further reports & articles, see the Resource Centre’s general sections on Security issues & conflict zones, Conflict prevention & resolution, the Resource Centre’s Business, Conflict & Peace Portal, and the Conflict & Peace section on our Tools & Guidance Portal.
1. Tools & guidance
"Language to be included in a Template for States’ National Action Plans (NAPs) for the Implementation of the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (UNGPs)", Al-Haq, 20 Feb 2014
Refers to businesses operating in conflict zones
“Business and human rights in conflict-affected regions: challenges and options towards State response”, 27 May 2011
This report was published prior to the endorsement of the Guiding Principles. It was prepared as part of the mandate of John Ruggie, Special Representative of the Secretary-General on the Issue of Human Rights and Transnational Corporations and other Business Enterprises.
”Conflict-Free Gold Standard”, World Gold Council, 18 Oct 2012
“Seminar reps draft recommendations for extractives sectors”, Myanmar Times, 15 Oct 2012
“Seminar participants jointly agreed on a set of seven recommendations aimed at reducing conflict.”
-“Workshop Summary “Sharing on Corporate Social Responsibility”, David Allan, Spectrum, Nov 2012
“Participants discussed many issues associated with extractives industries in Myanmar, studied case studies from other resource-rich countries and brainstormed possible solutions applicable in Myanmar.”
For further tools & guidance, see the Resource Centre’s Tools & Guidance Portal.
2. Examples of uses
"Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights annual plenary - Keynote remarks - Alexandra Guáqueta [Montreux, Switzerland, 26 Mar]", Alexandra Guáqueta, chair of UN Working Group on business & human rights 26 Mar 2014
"Allen & Overy publishes second issue of 'The Business and Human Rights Review'", Allen & Overy's Human Rights Working Group, 10 Jun 2013
See "Getting it Right in Myanmar", p. 18
US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights & Labor, US Department of State, Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights & Labor, 1 May 2013
See section V
Ethical Procurement is a No-Brainer…and Legal
Mark Taylor, The Laws of Rule, 16 Jan 2013
Refers to companies allegedly contributing to conflict – company comments provided.
“Why human rights matter: a resource guide for integrating human rights into Communities and Social Performance work at Rio Tinto”, Rio Tinto, in partnership with Centre for Social Responsibility in Mining (CSRM), Sustainable Minerals Institute at The University of Queensland, Jan 2013
see section 2.2.2 “Understanding the human rights context” and case study 3.
”Diplomatic note” refers to US initiatives related to business & conflict, Permanent Mission of the USA to the UN in Geneva, 5 Dec 2012
Challenges in Conflict Zones - Panel Discussion at UN Forum on Business and Human Rights
Session facilitated by Gerald Pachoud, UN Peacebuilding Support Office & Scott Jerbi, Geneva Academy for Intl. Humanitarian Law and Human Rights
- Mr. Daniel Avila Camacho, Director Presidential Programme for Integrated Mine Action (PPAICMA), Colombia
- Mr. Dan Baer, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for human rights, USA
- H.E. Amb. Claude Wild, Head of Human Security Division, Federal Dept. of Foreign Affairs, Switzerland
For more from UN Forum on Business and Human Rights, click here
”Mind the gap: Private Sector in the Arms Trade Treaty”, Paloma Muños, Advisor Danish Institute for Human Rights, 27 Nov 2012
“Online Safety under Repressive Regimes: What is the Responsibility of Technology Companies?”, Meg Roggensack, Human Rights First, 19 Oct 2012
“Reporting Requirements on Responsible Investment in Burma”, Conflict Risk Network, 4 Oct 2012
"New Guardian film showcases ongoing abuse of civilians in eastern Congo's mines", Global Witness, in Guardian (UK), 16 Sep 2011
Calling for US conflict minerals regulations to mirror UN Guiding Principles.
“Best Practice Mining in Colombia”, Robert Goodland, for Ikv Pax Christi, 3 Aug 2012
“Further work needs to be done…building peaceful and democratic solutions to local conflicts.”
"Conflict Risk Network calls on Italian oil company to ensure it's not fueling Qaddafi", Conflict Risk Network, 1 Aug 2011
“Promoting Peace & Protecting Human Rights: Business Operations in Conflict Zones”, Jenny Vaughan, Program Officer on Mercy Corps’ Youth & Conflict Management team
“Business and Conflict Prevention: Towards a Framework for Action”, Brian Ganson, Africa Centre for Dispute Settlement, University of Stellenbosch Business School in Geneva Peacebuilding Platform, 2011
Related stories and components
Author: Meg Roggensack, Human Rights First
Stated simply, due diligence means that a company must “know and show” – must identify the human rights risks and possible impacts of its global operations and develop appropriate policies and practices to address that risk, track progress, and...
Author: World Gold Council
The Standard has been developed with our member companies, comprising the world’s leading gold producers, and with extensive input from governments, civil society and supply chain participants...When there is armed conflict, even the best managed...
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Author: The Myanmar Times
Corporate social responsibility and the Ruggie Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights were the focuses of a seminar – “Sharing on Corporate Social Responsibility” – held in Yangon...The event attracted a mix of government, industry and civil...
Author: Conflict Risk Network
Conflict Risk Network and the 21 undersigned institutional investors, asset owners and asset managers...are pleased to submit to the State Department...comment[s] on the “Reporting Requirements on Responsible Investment in Burma”...We welcome these...
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- Related companies: Blue Coat Chevron Costco Danske Bank Morgan Stanley Myanmar Oil & Gas Enterprise (MOGE) Tiffany Total Unocal (part of Chevron) Walmart
Author: Robert Goodland, for Ikv Pax Christi
…If the principles of conservation of natural and social capital, reducing risk, deepening democracy, and exercising caution are to be given priority, now might not be the best time to encourage investment in the mining sector. Further work needs to...
- Related in-depth areas: Conflict & peace Informe de Cinep sobre mineria en Colombia, octubre de 2012 Mining
- Related companies: Anglo American AngloGold Ashanti BHP Billiton Cerrejón Coal (joint venture Anglo American, BHP Billiton, Glencore) Eco Oro Minerals (formerly Greystar Resources) Glencore Gran Colombia Gold Greystar Resources Xstrata (part of Glencore)
Author: Jenny Vaughan, Program Officer on Mercy Corps’ Youth & Conflict Management team
A large proportion of high-value resources, including oil, coltan, and hardwoods, are found in conflict-affected states, where security is limited and rule of law is weak...Without processes in place to prevent or mitigate negative human rights...
Author: Guardian [UK], Global Witness
The film tells how civilians in the Kivu region of eastern DRC, which is rich in the minerals used to produce electronic goods such as laptops and mobile phones, live under the constant threat of extreme violence and forced labour at the hands of...
Author: Conflict Risk Network
A group of institutional investors...sent a letter this week to Italian oil firm Saras S.p.A., urging it to ensure its products do not facilitate violence committed by Muammar Qaddafi’s regime in Libya..."They have a responsibility to respect human...
- Related in-depth areas: Americas Americas Civil society recommendations to governments Complicity Conflict & peace Killings, threats & other abuses Latest news on conflict & peace Latest news on UNGPs Libya Middle East & North Africa Mining Oil & gas Uses of UN Guiding Principles: Investors
- Related companies: Saras
[PDF] Business and human rights in conflict-affected regions: challenges and options towards State responses
Author: John Ruggie, UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative on business and human rights
The most egregious business-related human rights abuses take place in conflict-affected areas and…situations of widespread violence. Human rights abuses may spark or intensify conflict, and conflict may in turn lead to further human rights abuses. The...
Author: Brian Ganson, Africa Centre for Dispute Settlement, University of Stellenbosch Business School in Geneva Peacebuilding Platform
Practitioners, scholars and institutional actors focus on the predatory aspects of business in fragile environments (“business and conflict”), as well as on the need for private-sector engagement for jobs and security (“business and peace”). They have...