Un nouveau rapport montre comment le développement d'Olam menace les forêts d'Asie du Sud-Est et du Gabon; l'entreprise répond

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Auteur: Mighty Earth and Olam

In the wake of Mighty Earth’s 2016 report, Palm Oil’s Black Box, Mighty Earth and Olam met in Washington D.C. and agreed to move forward on two imperatives: enabling models for responsible agricultural development that support forest conservation whilst addressing poverty reduction and job creation in Gabon and other high forest cover countries; and the need for palm oil traders to collectively strengthen incentives for suppliers in Southeast Asia to avoid deforestation and exploitation of workers or communities. The meeting was convened to discuss the impact of the palm oil and rubber plantations developed by Olam with its Joint Venture partner, the Republic of Gabon, as well as Olam’s third party palm oil sourcing in Southeast Asia. The World Resources Institute moderated the meeting. Olam agreed to: • Suspend further land clearing of forest in Gabon for palm and rubber plantations for a year (a period that can be extended). During this time, Mighty Earth and Olam agreed to support a multi stakeholder process to develop further specific criteria for responsible agricultural development in countries that have most of their land covered by forests. • Continue to implement its time-bound plans to map and disclose more information about its third-party palm oil supply chains in Asia and require its third party suppliers to adhere to the High Carbon Stock Approach (described at www.highcarbonstock.org) as per its updated Palm Oil Policy. • Publish its procedures to address supply chain risks, including independent verification of compliance of high-risk sources. • Issue a revised grievance procedure that includes Olam’s third-party palm oil suppliers and protects the anonymity of those providing input. Olam will continue to routinely investigate and work to remediate any complaints received from indigenous or local communities. • Supplement its current sustainability policies with explicit references to protecting peat and ensuring no exploitation of workers or local communities.

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Article
19 January 2017

Palmeraie d’Olam Gabon à Mouila : Une caravane médicale pour les riverains

Auteur: InfosGabon (Gabon)

Les riverains de la palmeraie de Mouila bénéficient d’une caravane médicale. L’opération lancée...par Olam Gabon vise à détecter et à prendre en charge les pathologies auxquelles sont confrontées les populations des villages environnants...Organisée dans le cadre du volet social de la firme agro-industrielle singapourienne Olam Gabon, elle vise à diagnostiquer et à prendre gratuitement en charge les différentes pathologies qui affectent ces populations. Il s’agit dans l’ensemble des problèmes d’ordre gynécologique, des soucis de croissance chez les tout petits et du paludisme qui semble la pathologie la plus répandue...Constat : les personnes à faible revenu sont les plus affectées. Tout comme les femmes enceintes connaissent d’énormes problèmes dans le suivi de leur grossesse...Olam Gabon a également prévu une distribution gratuite de médicaments...les plus légers sont pris en charge par l’équipe médicale sur le terrain...Cette campagne de santé gratuite s’inscrit désormais comme une tradition dans les programmes de cette entreprise. En deux mois, Olam Gabon a déjà mené trois campagnes du genre.

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12 December 2016

La boîte noire du commerce de l'huile de palme - Ou comment l’émergence du géant de l’agrobusiness Olam parmi les acteurs majeurs du commerce de l’huile de palme menace l’avenir des forêts d’Asie du Sud-Est et du Gabon

Auteur: Mighty et Brainforest

Au Gabon, L’ONG Brainforest, partenaire de Mighty, a mandaté des enquêteurs infiltrés qui ont filmé comment Olam détruit des forêts tropicales au bulldozer afin d’y implanter des monocultures de palmiers à huile...en 2015, moins de 1 % de l’huile de palme commercialisée par Olam provenait de ses propres plantations, et plus de 99 % de fournisseurs tiers. Or Olam s’abstient de divulguer le nom de ses fournisseurs...Olam a formé deux joint-ventures avec le...Gabon pour y développer son commerce d’huile de palme...Olam a reçu 300 000 hectares de concessions...l’entreprise a également bénéficié de concessions de plantations d’hévéas, d’opérations d’exploitation forestière, de droits de pêche, d’une exonération de l’impôt sur le revenu pour une durée de 16 ans, et d’exemptions de taxes d’importation sur les machines...GRAINE, la seconde joint-venture d’Olam avec le gouvernement du Gabon est un programme visant à inciter 30 000 fermiers gabonais à cultiver des palmiers sur une surface de 200 000 hectares en tant que « petits exploitants », pour revendre ensuite l’huile à Olam...[L'accord]...n’avait pas entièrement respecté auprès des communautés autochtones le droit au Consentement libre, préalable et éclairé (CLIP) concernant le développement agricole sur leurs terres, et qu’étaient présents sur les territoires attribués des sites culturellement importants...Olam a déboisé depuis 2012 environ 20 000 hectares de forêts dans ses concessions gabonaises...la société a déclaré vouloir appliquer à ses fournisseurs tiers sa politique en matière de développement durable, et pas seulement sur ses propres plantations...[mais cette politique ne sera  applicable qu'à partir de 2020]...Elle a également adopté une politique « incendie zéro » pour l’ensemble de sa chaîne d’approvisionnement...[Fait référence Wilmar International, Burger King, Congolaise Industrielle des Bois, Estée Lauder, IFC, Golden Agri-Resources, First Resources, Korindo, Musim Mas, Mondelez, Mitsubishi, Unilver, Nestlé, Pepsico, KraftHeinz, JDE, ConAgraFoods, Tchibo, BlackRock, Hartford, Prudential, Vanguard, Fidelity].

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Auteur: Olam International

Gabon palm operations: Environmentally sustainable and socially responsible; Helping to meet Gabon’s essential development imperative; Third-party palm oil sourcing: Currently a small player involved in 0.4% of global volumes in 2016; Rigorous sourcing from no burn, no peat, no deforestation compliant suppliers; Explicit requirement being added on no exploitation; Supply chain transparency: High standards across supply chain of all commodities; Full list of palm suppliers released... We have been made aware of a report that will be released on our palm operations. In recent months we have responded to questions from the US-based communications and lobbying company, Waxman Strategies, working as Mighty Earth (Mighty) and with Brainforest, a Gabon-based NGO. We appreciate the vital role played by NGOs and civil society to keep the industry in check and working in partnership to drive best practice. The Mighty Earth report acknowledges some of Olam’s responses, especially where the authors feel progress has been made. The report has also provided a series of recommendations, some of which we will take on board. However, we are disappointed to see some important factual errors, and several key misinterpretations of Olam’s policies and implementation. Considerably more fundamental though, is the basic principle of how Mighty views a country like Gabon and its sovereign right to develop sustainably, with the assistance of a responsible company, in a Public Private Partnership arrangement...Sunny Verghese, Co-Founder and Group CEO of Olam International said: “Gabon has a right and an essential need to develop its agriculture sector to diversify its economy, improve food security to feed its people and create new livelihood opportunities, while also protecting its natural forests. Olam’s palm plantations in Gabon are being developed in an environmentally and socially responsible way to contribute to each of these objectives. Our approach balances palm plantation establishment with natural forest protection. In fact we are conserving and protecting areas of verified high conservation value forest within our concessions greater in size than our plantations. For our third party palm sourcing, we are still a small player, accounting for only 0.4% of global palm volumes in 2016. We already expect full compliance to our Sustainable Palm Oil Policy and Supplier Code, and have absolutely zero tolerance for the burning of forests. All of our current suppliers have either signed this code or have their own codes consistent with ours. We are also now releasing our full supplier list.”

 

 

Gabon palm operations1: Environmentally sustainable and socially responsible; Helping to meet Gabon’s essential development - See more at: http://olamgroup.com/news/olam-internationals-response-to-mighty-earth-a...
  • Gabon palm operations1: Environmentally sustainable and socially responsible; Helping to meet Gabon’s essential development imperative
  • Third-party palm oil sourcing: Currently a small player involved in 0.4% of global volumes in 2016; Rigorous sourcing from no burn, no peat, no deforestation compliant suppliers; Explicit requirement being added on no exploitation
  • Supply chain transparency: High standards across supply chain of all commodities; Full list of palm suppliers released2

- See more at: http://olamgroup.com/news/olam-internationals-response-to-mighty-earth-a...

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Article
12 December 2016

Un nouveau rapport identifie un marché secret pour l’huile de palme liée à la déforestation

Auteur: Mighty et Brainforest

L’enquête révèle comment la multinationale Olam serait responsable de destruction de forêts au Gabon et en Indonésie. Un nouveau rapport lancé aujourd’hui par l’ONG américaine Mighty et l’ONG gabonaise Brainforest révèle qu’Olam...gère ses opérations de manière opaque. L’enquête a découvert qu’Olam est en train de créer un marché pour l’huile de palme liée à la déforestation, pour ensuite la revendre à sa clientèle qui comprend des compagnies parmi les plus connues au monde comme dont les clients comprennent PepsiCo, ConAgra, Unilever, Mondelez, et Nestlé, dont bon nombre se vantent de leurs politiques de « durabilité ». « Olam gère une énorme ‘boite noire’ car son huile de palme provient de fournisseurs secrets », denonce Etelle Higonnet, Directrice de campagne et des questions juridiques à Mighty. « À titre de comparaison, les homologues d’Olam ont publié les noms de leurs fournisseurs immédiatement, tandis qu’Olam a décidé d’attendre jusqu’à 2020. Repousser ainsi cette date équivaut à agiter un drapeau vert aux producteurs d’huile de palme sans scrupules pour les inciter à déboiser le plus vite possible, avant que la politique d’Olam n’entre en vigueur. »...Les vidéos obtenues pendant l’enquête infiltrée de Brainforest montrent clairement comment Olam déboise les forêts du Gabon pour y établir la plus grande plantation d’huile de palme d’Afrique, et d’hévéa culture...depuis 2012 Olam a déboisé environ 20 000 hectares de forêts dans quatre concessions au Gabon...« Olam se vante d’être un leader en durabilité à travers le monde, mais c’est bien loin de la réalité au Gabon » souligne Marc Ona Essangui, Secrétaire Exécutif et membre fondateur de l’ONG environnementale Brainforest ainsi que lauréat du prix Goldman. « Après un combat que je mene depuis plusieurs années, j’espère qu’enfin ce rapport poussera Olam à adopter des normes qui sont réellement protectrices de nos forêts précieuses, dont dépendent nos communautés ainsi que notre faune iconique et notre patrimoine ».

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Rapport
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Auteur: Mighty (USA) and Brainforest (Gabon)

...Olam failed to publicly disclose the names of its suppliers, the locations of its mills, or any information about supplier performance on sustainability, creating a massive black box that could be hiding deforestation, peatland clearance, and human rights abuses in its supply chain. Moreover, Olam’s deadline for supplier compliance with its palm oil sustainability policies isn’t until 2020, which could have the perverse incentive of creating amongst its suppliers a race to deforest for up to four more years...since March 2012, Olam has cleared around 19,000ha of forests within Olam’s oil palm concessions in Gabon...Olam needs to guarantee transparency in its supply chain, immediately require its suppliers to comply with its sustainability policies, and embrace a strong ‘No Deforestation, No Peat and No Exploitation’ (NDPE) commitment that adheres to the HCSA methodology...Olam has more than 16,000 global customers, and names Pepsico, KraftHeinz, ConAgra, Unilever, Mondelez, and Nestlé among them, meaning that these companies are tied to Olam’s efforts to undermine sustainability progress in the palm oil industry...In 2015 alone, more than two million hectares of Indonesian forest and peatland went up in smoke, due in significant measure to purposeful burning to clear land for palm oil and paper plantations...69 million people across the region were exposed to toxic haze as a result of last year’s devastating wildfires in Indonesia; an estimated half a million people in Indonesia sought medical care because of haze and Singapore recorded over 77,000 visits to clinics and polyclinics for haze-related ailments. Harvard and Columbia scientists recently estimated that 100,300 people likely died prematurely as a result of inhaling smoke particles from the 2015 toxic haze emanating from Indonesia’s vast forest and peat fires. In Singapore specifically, they estimated 2,200 premature deaths occurred...Olam’s principal bankers include Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Limited, BNP Paribas, Natixis, Commerzbank AG, Credit Suisse Group, JPMorgan Chase Bank, The Bank of Tokyo-Mitsubishi UFJ, Ltd, among others. Those providing Olam with loans for its Gabon palm oil operations include: Ecobank, Afreximbank, BGFI Bank Gabon and the Central African State Development Bank (BDEAC). Many of these banks have committed to environmental and social responsibility, and in some cases, forest protection. Mitsubishi Corporation is the second largest shareholder, and the World Bank’s International Finance Corporation (IFC) has an equity stake, while Norway’s pension fund (Norges Bank Investment Management or NBIM) holds shares in Olam...In Gabon, Olam is by far the major palm industry player, and is operating in an area at high risk of deforestation, characterized by corruption, lack of a free press, weak civil society, and poor governance...Olam has entered into two separate joint ventures with...Gabon to develop its palm oil business...Olam received a 16-year income tax holiday beginning in Fiscal Year 2011...and a 300,000 ha pledged landbank from Gabon..15,659 Gabonese have been enrolled in the GRAINE scheme, each of whom will receive approximately seven hectares and who will then sell their oil palm harvests...to Olam...the program will be rolled out in nine provinces and aims to cover a total of 200,000 ha with 30,000 participants across 1,600 villages by 2020. [Refers to SIFCA Group, Acacia Investments, Felda Global Ventures Holdings Berhad (FGV), Cargill, Sime Darby, Olam Rubber Gabon SA, Outspan Bolovens Limited (a subsidiary of Olam], 

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Auteur: Temasek (Singapore)

Olam’s operations are properly matters for the board and management of Olam to address. As a matter of proper governance, Temasek does not direct the business operations of our portfolio companies, including Olam. We have stated openly and in many forums, that we fully support no burn policies for land clearance, and would urge oil palm companies and plantation owners to do the same. Haze from large scale fires, and the fires themselves whether deliberate or natural, are a major health hazard, and may have long term implications. Hence, it is important that all players, individuals, companies and governments, work together to prevent, minimize and mitigate such risks to people and our environment.

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